The first set of rules for cricket is the “Code of 1744”, which specifies the official dimensions of various cricket venues.
The rules of the game of cricket at first glance are not particularly difficult, but if you are professionally engaged in this sport, you will have to study a weighty volume with all the nuances of the game.
The game is played between two teams of 11 players each. The goal of the game is to earn more points (runs) than the opposing team. A match consists of one or more parts, each of which is called an innings. In each inning, one team bats and the other pitches once.
Cricket is usually played on grass. The field for playing cricket is an oval ground (cricket field), oval in size 80 by 60-70 meters, inside which there is an earthen strip 20.12 meters long (22 yards). At each end of the strip of land in the field are stuck three columns, on top of which are placed two small wooden crossbars. (height 67.5 cm, width 20 cm).
This construction is called a wicket.
If the batter hits the ball, he can run to the opposite wicket. A player standing at the other wicket runs to meet him, trying to take the batter’s place. Each such run brings a point to the batting team. The batting team tries to catch the ball and return it to one of the wickets. If the ball hits the wicket at the moment when at least one of the running players was between the wickets (behind the line), then this running player leaves the game, and another player of the batting team takes his place. The batter is also out of the game if he failed to protect his wicket from the ball while serving, or the ball was caught by the batter after the batter hit the ball or touched the ball with the bat before the ball hit the ground.
When 10 players of the batting team are out of the game, the inning ends and the teams switch places. If both teams pitched once, the inning ends. A multi-day match usually consists of one or two innings (usually 5 days are allocated for two innings). The team that scores more runs at the end of the match is declared the winner. If the time allotted for a match has run out before it has finished, then a draw is declared.